Cross-Border Data Transfers
Today’s global economy depends on the transfer of data. For example, data transfers occur when:
- Emailing co-workers, customers, or vendors.
- Analyzing large datasets to streamline global supply chains.
- Using a website to provide products or services to customers.
- Outsourcing customer support services.
- Managing human resource services for a global workforce, including compensation analysis, performance reviews, learning and development.
- Tracking pandemics or conducting medical research.
- Using the Internet to conduct a search, post a social media comment, update personal records, etc.
As a consequence, an ever-increasing amount of employee, consumer, and corporate customer data is being collected, used, exchanged, analyzed, and retained. In addition, there is an ever-increasing number of accidental or intentional data breaches, incorrect or lost data records, and data misuse incidents.
Each high-profile case of data breach or misuse brings increased demand to limit data transfers unless organizations can demonstrate suitable data privacy, integrity, and security are in place.
Data Transfer Restrictions
Data transfer restrictions fall into two general categories:
- Privacy regulations: Protect fundamental rights of an individual to control how his or her personal information is collected, with whom it is shared, and how it is used, retained, or deleted.
- Data localization requirements: Impose a ban on transferring data out of the country or require the organization to build or use local infrastructure and servers. For example, Article 44 of the GDPR prohibits the transfer of personal data beyond the EU/EEA, unless the recipient country can prove it provides adequate data security.
Data Transfer Solutions
Balancing the data privacy and localization requirements with an organization’s business need for cross-border data transfers is challenging, but not impossible. It requires:
- Developing a data privacy framework.
- Conducting sensitive data access auditing.
- Implementing security measures, such as data masking.
Learn how Imperva solutions can help meet requirements for cross-border transfers.